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Richard I "The Lion Hearted" King of England

Richard I "The Lion Hearted" King of England[1, 2]

Male 1157 - 1199  (41 years)

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  • Name Richard I "The Lion Hearted" King of England 
    Born 8 Sep 1157  Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Apr 1199  Chalus, Haute-Vienne, Aquitaine, France (dsp) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Age 41 years 
    Buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Following copied from Barry Hummel, Jr, World Connect db=siderhummel,rootsweb.com:
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Henry's elder son, Richard I (reigned 1189-99), fulfilled his mainambition by going on crusade in 1190, leaving the ruling of England toothers. After his victories over Saladin at the siege of Acre and thebattles of Arsuf and Jaffa, concluded by the treaty of Jaffa (1192),Richard was returning from the Holy Land when he was captured in Austrialater that year. In early 1193, Richard was transferred to emperor HenryVI's custody.

      In Richard's absence, King Philip of France failed to obtain Richard'sFrench possessions through invasion or negotiation. In England, Richard'sbrother John occupied Windsor Castle and prepared an invasion of Englandby Flemish mercenaries, accompanied by armed uprisings. Their motherqueen Eleanor took firm action against John by strengthening garrisonsand again exacting oaths of allegiance to the king. John's subversiveactivities were ended by the payment of a crushing ransom of 150,000marks of silver to the emperor, for Richard's release in 1194. Warned byPhilip's famous message 'look to yourself, the devil is loosed', Johnfled to the French court.

      On his return to England, Richard was recrowned at Winchester in 1194.Five years later he died in France during a minor siege against arebellious baron. By the time of his death, Richard had recovered all hislands. His success was short-lived. In 1199 his brother John became kingand Philip successfully invaded Normandy. By 1203, John had retreated toEngland, losing his French lands of Normandy and Anjou by 1205.

      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Following copied from Barry Hummel, Jr, World Connect db=siderhummel,rootsweb.com:
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Henry's elder son, Richard I (reigned 1189-99), fulfilled his mainambition by going on crusade in 1190, leaving the ruling of England toothers. After his victories over Saladin at the siege of Acre and thebattles of Arsuf and Jaffa, concluded by the treaty of Jaffa (1192),Richard was returning from the Holy Land when he was captured in Austrialater that year. In early 1193, Richard was transferred to emperor HenryVI's custody.

      In Richard's absence, King Philip of France failed to obtain Richard'sFrench possessions through invasion or negotiation. In England, Richard'sbrother John occupied Windsor Castle and prepared an invasion of Englandby Flemish mercenaries, accompanied by armed uprisings. Their motherqueen Eleanor took firm action against John by strengthening garrisonsand again exacting oaths of allegiance to the king. John's subversiveactivities were ended by the payment of a crushing ransom of 150,000marks of silver to the emperor, for Richard's release in 1194. Warned byPhilip's famous message 'look to yourself, the devil is loosed', Johnfled to the French court.

      On his return to England, Richard was recrowned at Winchester in 1194.Five years later he died in France during a minor siege against arebellious baron. By the time of his death, Richard had recovered all hislands. His success was short-lived. In 1199 his brother John became kingand Philip successfully invaded Normandy. By 1203, John had retreated toEngland, losing his French lands of Normandy and Anjou by 1205.
    Person ID I2291  Wilson-Maynard Family Tree
    Last Modified 26 Dec 2002 

    Father Henry II "Plantagenet" King of England,   b. 5 Mar 1133, LEMANS, SARTHS, Sarthe, FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon Indre et Loire France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine,   b. 1122, Chateau de Belin-Belit,Gironde,Aquitaine,France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1202, Fontevrault, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Family ID F885  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family ID F1091  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 ALIX DE FRANCE,   b. 1159 
    Family ID F1203  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married 12 May 1191  St George's Chapel, Limassol, Cyprus Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Family ID F1204  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 8 Sep 1157 - Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 May 1191 - St George's Chapel, Limassol, Cyprus Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Westminster Abbey, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
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  • Sources 
    1. [S14582] Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Richard I.

    2. [S14583] Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, Richard I.

    3. [S14313] The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, line 161.

    4. [S14415] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1-25.

    5. [S14286] The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-11.

    6. [S14433] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1-25.

    7. [S14581] The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-11.

    8. [S14596] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1-25.

    9. [S14533] The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-11.

    10. [S14418] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1-25.