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Edward III England, King

Edward III England, King[1]

Male 1312 - 1377  (64 years)

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  • Name Edward III England 
    Suffix King 
    Born 13 Nov 1312  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 20 Nov 1312 
    Gender Male 
    Died 21 Jun 1377  Shene Palace, , Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Age 64 years 
    Buried Westminster Abbe, Westminster, Middlessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Edward III (1312-77), king of England (1327-77), who initiated the long, drawn-out struggle with France called the Hundred Years' War.Edward was born at Windsor on November 13, 1312, the elder son of King Edward II, of the house of Plantagenet. Involved by his mother, Isabella of France, in her intrigues against his father, he was proclaimed king after the latter was forced to abdicate in 1327. During Edward's minority, England was nominally ruled by a council of regency, but the actual power was in the hands of Isabella and her paramour, Roger de Mortimer. In 1330, however, the young king staged a palace coup and took the power into his own hands. He had Mortimer hanged and confined his mother to her home.Edward began a series of wars almost directly after he had control of England. Taking advantage of civil war in Scotland in 1333, he invaded the country, defeated the Scots at Halidon Hill, England, and restored Edward de Baliol to the throne of Scotland. Baliol, however, was soon deposed, and later attempts by Edward to establish him permanently as king of Scotland were unsuccessful. In 1337 France came to the aid of Scotland. This action was the culminating point in a series of disagreements between France and England, and Edward declared war on Philip VI of France. In 1340 the English fleet destroyed a larger French fleet off Sluis, the Netherlands. The action resulted in a truce that, although occasionally disturbed, lasted for six years.War broke out again in 1346. Edward, accompanied by his eldest son, Edward the Black Prince, invaded Normandy and won a great victory over France in the Battle of Crécy. He captured Calais in 1347, and a truce was reestablished. Edward returned to England, where he maintained one of the most magnificent courts in Europe. The war with France was renewed in 1355, and again the English armies were successful. The Peace of Calais, in 1360, gave England all of Aquitaine, and Edward in return renounced his claim, first made in 1328, to the French throne.Edward continued to assert his will both domestically and abroad. In 1363 he concluded an agreement with his brother-in-law, David II of Scotland, uniting the two kingdoms in the event of David's death without male issue. Three years later Edward repudiated the papacy's feudal supremacy over England, held in fief since 1213. He renewed his war with France, disavowing the Peace of Calais. This time, however, the English armies were unsuccessful. After the truce of 1375, Edward retained few of his previously vast possessions in France.The king had, by this time, become senile. He was completely in the power of an avaricious mistress, Alice Perrers, who, along with his fourth son, John of Gaunt, dominated England. Perrers was banished by Parliament in 1376, and Edward himself died at Sheen (now Richmond) on June 21, 1377. He was succeeded by his grandson, Richard II.
      "Edward III," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    Person ID I2019  Wilson-Maynard Family Tree
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2012 

    Father Edward II Plantagenet King of England,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England (murdered) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Mother Isabelle Princess of France, Queen England,   b. 1292, Paris,Seine,France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married 28 Jan 1308 
    Family ID F842  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Phillipa De Avesnes, [Queen England],   b. 24 Jun 1311, Mons, Hainault, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1327/1328  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Edward "The Black" England, Prince Of Wales,   b. 15 Jun 1330, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1376, Westminster, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)
     2. Isabel England, Princess,   b. 16 Jun 1332, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1379, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     3. Lionel Plantaganet ENGLAND, Duke Clarence, Knt Garter,   b. 29 Nov 1338, Anvers, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Oct 1368, Alba Cuneo, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
     4. John "Of Gaunt" England, [Duke Of Lancaster,   b. Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1398/1399, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)
     5. Mary England, Princess,   b. 10 Oct 1344, Bishops, Waltham, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1361/1362, Sp Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 17 years)
     6. Thomas Plantagenet, [Duke Of Gloucester],   b. 7 Jan 1353/1354, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Sep 1397, Calais, Pas-De-Calais, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
     7. Joan England, [Princess],   b. Feb 1334/1335, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1348  (Age ~ 13 years)
     8. William England, [Prince],   b. Bef 16 Feb 1336/1337, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 8 Jul 1337  (Age < 0 years)
     9. Edmund "Of Langley" England, Duke Of York,   b. 5 Jun 1341, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1402, Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     10. Blanche Princess Of England, [Princess],   b. Mar 1342/1343, Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1342/1343  (Age ~ 0 years)
     11. Margaret England, [Princess],   b. 20 Jul 1346, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1 Oct 1361, Sp Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 15 years)
    Family ID F839  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Nov 1312 - Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 24 Jan 1327/1328 - York, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Jun 1377 - Shene Palace, , Surrey, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Westminster Abbe, Westminster, Middlessex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
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  • Sources 
    1. [S14384] Mac 14Febxx.FTW.
      Date of Import: Mar 12, 2000

    2. [S14394] The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-16.